Renewable energy potential of Kazakhstan

Anatoli Vakhguelt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

2017 is the year when the capital of Kazakhstan Astana is hosting the EXPO2017 "Future Energy" conference. It is interesting to consider how Kazakhstan is developing renewable energy usage. Kazakhstan with its huge territory and not very large population is having great potential for renewable energy production. Most of the territory has sufficient amount for solar energy harvest and also large amount of area with high speed of wind, which has large potential to produce sufficient amount of wind energy. Areas such as Jungar Gates and Chylyk Corridor have a huge potential for the production of energy by wind turbines. The part of Kazakhstan between the Balkhash Lake and Aral Sea is not very populated due to shortage of water. At the same time this area has a very high level of solar irradiation. It is possible to harvest there a large amount of solar energy if it would have many solar panel arrays installed. The problem difficult to overcome would be the maintenance of these solar panel arrays due to low population and pure living conditions. There are at least two major reasons to go for renewable energy development in the country. First one - Kazakhstani leadership is looking into opportunities to change from a resource economy (it is one of the oil producing countries - it has more than 2% of the world oil reserve and many other resources) to a technology driven one. In this case resources will be used to produce different products. Due to that, one of the challenges is to move from fossil fuel driven energy production to alternative sources and the potential is there. Another stimulus is that Kazakhstan is the country which has joined to Kyoto protocol and Paris agreement. Thus, Kazakhstan tends to reduce greenhouse effect and also Kazakhstan is going towards the generation of energy from alternative sources. The government of the country is developing the legislation in direction to encourage producers and users to increase share of alternative sources for energy generation in Kazakhstan. It provides users with benefits if they supply energy produced by alternative sources to the grid with preferable rates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-194
Number of pages6
JournalDefect and Diffusion Forum
Volume379
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Biomass
  • Geothermal
  • Hydro
  • Renewable energy
  • Solar
  • Wind

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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