Reproductive and Obstetric Outcomes after Fertility-Sparing Treatments for Cervical Cancer: Current Approach and Future Directions

Milan Terzic, Dinara Makhadiyeva, Jovan Bila, Mladen Andjic, Jelena Dotlic, Gulzhanat Aimagambetova, Antonio Sarria-Santamera, Antonio Simone Laganà, Vito Chiantera, Ivana Vukovic, Dusica Kocijancic Belovic, Slavica Aksam, Gauri Bapayeva, Sanja Terzic

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Cervical cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related death in women of reproductive age. The established fertility-sparing approaches for the management of early-stage cervical cancer for women who plan pregnancy are associated with a decline in fecundity and an increased risk of pregnancy complications. This article aims to offer an overview of fertility-sparing approaches and the management of potential subfertility and pregnancy complications after these treatments. An extensive search for the available data about infertility and cervical cancer, fertility-sparing techniques in patients with cervical cancer, fertility treatment, obstetrical complications, and pregnancy outcomes in cervical cancer patients was completed. Fertility-preserving procedures such as loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP), cold-knife conization, and trachelectomy in women diagnosed with cervical cancer can be considered as safe and effective treatments that preserve reproductive potential. Current fertility-preserving procedures, based on the balance of the oncological characteristics of patients as well as their desire for reproduction, allow one to obtain acceptable reproductive and obstetric outcomes in women treated for cervical cancer. Nevertheless, careful monitoring of pregnancies obtained after fertility-preserving procedures is recommended, since this cohort of patients should be considered at higher risk compared with a healthy population.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2614
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume12
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023

Keywords

  • cervical cancer
  • fertility-sparing surgery
  • infertility
  • obstetrical complication
  • pregnancy outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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