Results of EPR dosimetry for population in the vicinity of the most contaminating radioactive fallout trace after the first nuclear test in the Semipalatinsk test site

Alexander Ivannikov, Kassym Zhumadilov, Eldana Tieliewuhan, Ling Jiao, Dinara Zharlyganova, Kazbek N. Apsalikov, Gulnara Berekenova, Zhaxybay Zhumadilov, Shin Toyoda, Chuzou Miyazawa, Valeriy Skvortsov, Valeriy Stepanenko, Satoru Endo, Kenichi Tanaka, Masaharu Hoshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The method of electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy for tooth enamel is applied to individual radiation dose determination to residents of two villages (Dolon and Mostik) in the vicinity of the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site in Kazakhstan. These villages are located near the central axis of the radioactive fallout trace of the most contaminating surface nuclear test conducted in 1949. It is found that excess doses obtained by subtraction of natural background dose from dose absorbed in enamel range up to 440 mGy to residents of Dolon, whose enamel was formed before 1949, and do not exceed 120 mGy to younger residents. To residents of Mostik, excess doses do not exceed 100 mGy regardless of age except for one resident with an extremely high dose of 1.25 Gy. These results are in agreement with the pattern of radioactive contamination of the territory after the nuclear test of 1949 except one case of extremely high dose, which should be additionally investigated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)A39-A46
JournalJournal of Radiation Research
Volume47
Issue numberSUPPL. A
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • EPR spectroscopy
  • Semipalatinsk Nuclear test site
  • Tooth enamelDose reconstruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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