Risks for tuberculosis in Kazakhstan: Implications for prevention

A. Davis, Assel Terlikbayeva, A. Aifah, S. Hermosilla, Z. Zhumadilov, E. Berikova, S. Rakhimova, S. Primbetova, M. Darisheva, N. Schluger, N. El-Bassel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

SETTING: Four regions in Kazakhstan where participants were recruited from June 2012 to May 2014. OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between incarceration history and tobacco, alcohol, and drug consumption, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and diabetes mellitus (DM) with TB. DESIGN: This matched case-control study included 1600 participants who completed a survey on sociodemographics, history of incarceration, tobacco, alcohol and drug use, and HIV and DM diagnosis. Conditional logistic regression analysis was used to examine associations between a TB diagnosis and risk factors. RESULTS: Participants who had ever smoked tobacco (aOR 1.73, 95%CI 1.23-2.43, P ≤ 0.01), ever drank alcohol (aOR 1.41, 95%CI 1.03-1.93, P ≤ 0.05), were HIV-positive (aOR 36.37, 95%CI 2.05-646.13, P ≤ 0.05) or had DM (aOR 13.96, 95%CI 6.37-30.56, P ≤ 0.01) were more likely to have TB. CONCLUSIONS: The association between TB and tobacco use, alcohol use, HIV and DM in Kazakhstan suggests a need for comprehensive intervention and prevention approaches that also address tobacco and alcohol use, DM and HIV.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Diabetes
  • HIV
  • Tobacco

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Infectious Diseases

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  • Cite this

    Davis, A., Terlikbayeva, A., Aifah, A., Hermosilla, S., Zhumadilov, Z., Berikova, E., Rakhimova, S., Primbetova, S., Darisheva, M., Schluger, N., & El-Bassel, N. (2017). Risks for tuberculosis in Kazakhstan: Implications for prevention. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 21(1). https://doi.org/10.5588/ijtld.15.0838