Secondary phases in Cu2ZnSnS4 films obtained by spray pyrolysis at different substrate temperatures and Cu contents

I. S. Babichuk, S. Golovynskyi, V. V. Brus, I. V. Babichuk, O. Datsenko, Ji Li, Guiwen Xu, I. Golovynska, O. M. Hreshchuk, I. G. Orletskyi, Junle Qu, V. O. Yukhymchuk, P. D. Maryanchuk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) thin films prepared by the spray pyrolysis method were studied. This deposition method does not require sophisticated technological setup and allows to easily varying different technological parameters, which is perspective in terms of mass application. Here we show how the variation of the substrate temperature and of the Cu/Zn stoichiometry ratio in the precursor solutions influence the optical and structural properties of CZTS film. The Raman spectra reveal that an increase in the substrate temperature and Cu content leads to a higher disorder of the crystal structure and to the secondary phase formation, in particular, Cu2-xS. In turn, the formation of secondary phases significantly affected the CZTS bandgap. We have found that the films with the substrate temperature 289 °C and the Cu/Zn stoichiometric ratio equal to 2.0 comprise a minimum content of secondary phases and having the best crystal structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-175
Number of pages3
JournalMaterials Letters
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • CZTS
  • Kesterite
  • Raman
  • Secondary phase
  • Spray pyrolysis
  • Thin films

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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