Secure Beamforming for Cooperative Wireless-Powered Networks with Partial CSI

Haiyan Guo, Zhen Yang, Yulong Zou, Theodoros Tsiftsis, Manav R. Bhatangar, Rodrigo C.De Lamare

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we investigate the physical layer security (PLS) of cooperative wireless-powered networks where a source transmits confidential information to a destination with the aid of wireless-powered intermediate nodes equipped with multiple antennas in the presence of a passive eavesdropper. We consider two generalized joint relay and jammer selection (GJRJS) frameworks based on the power splitting (PS) and time switching (TS) techniques, respectively. Specifically, the intermediate nodes which cannot decode the source signal successfully are selected to act as friendly jammers to transmit artificial noise, and the remaining nodes are exploited as relays to simultaneously forward the source signal through cooperative beamforming. We further propose two cooperative secure beamforming (CSB) schemes for the PS-based GJRJS (PS-GJRJS) and TS-based GJRJS (TS-GJRJS) frameworks, respectively. To be specific, we investigate the optimization of the beamforming vector of our selected relays for maximizing the secrecy rate of the source-destination transmission. A closed-form solution is derived under the assumption of available instantaneous channel state information (CSI) of the main link and statistical CSI of the wiretap link. In addition, we also illustrate that the pure relay selection (PRS) scheme is a special case of our GJRJS framework at high signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs). The numerical results show that the proposed CSB scheme achieves a higher secrecy rate than the traditional maximal ratio transmission (MRT) method for both the PS-GJRJS and TS-GJRJS frameworks. Additionally, the GJRJS framework outperforms the PRS as well as the joint best relay and jammer selection (JBRJS) methods in terms of secrecy rate.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8692422
Pages (from-to)6760-6773
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019


  • Beamforming
  • energy harvesting (EH)
  • physical layer security (PLS)
  • power splitting (PS)
  • relay selection
  • time switching (TS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Information Systems
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications

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