Selection, characterization, and application of DNA aptamers for detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis secreted protein MPT64

Marzhan Sypabekova, Aliya Bekmurzayeva, Ronghui Wang, Yanbin Li, Claude Nogues, Damira Kanayeva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rapid detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), an etiological agent of tuberculosis (TB), is important for global control of this disease. Aptamers have emerged as a potential rival for antibodies in therapeutics, diagnostics and biosensing due to their inherent characteristics. The aim of the current study was to select and characterize single-stranded DNA aptamers against MPT64 protein, one of the predominant secreted proteins of Mtb pathogen. Aptamers specific to MPT64 protein were selected in vitro using systematic evolution of ligands through exponential enrichment (SELEX) method. The selection was started with a pool of ssDNA library with randomized 40-nucleotide region. A total of 10 cycles were performed and seventeen aptamers with unique sequences were identified by sequencing. Dot Blot analysis was performed to monitor the SELEX process and to conduct the preliminary tests on the affinity and specificity of aptamers. Enzyme linked oligonucleotide assay (ELONA) showed that most of the aptamers were specific to the MPT64 protein with a linear correlation of R2 = 0.94 for the most selective. Using Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR), dissociation equilibrium constant KD of 8.92 nM was obtained. Bioinformatics analysis of the most specific aptamers revealed the existence of a conserved as well as distinct sequences and possible binding site on MPT64. The specificity was determined by testing non-target ESAT-6 and CFP-10. Negligible cross-reactivity confirmed the high specificity of the selected aptamer. The selected aptamer was further tested on clinical sputum samples using ELONA and had sensitivity and specificity of 91.3% and 90%, respectively. Microscopy, culture positivity and nucleotide amplification methods were used as reference standards. The aptamers studied could be further used for the development of medical diagnostic tools and detection assays for Mtb.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-78
Number of pages9
JournalTuberculosis
Volume104
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2017

Keywords

  • Aptamer
  • Diagnostics
  • MPT64
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  • SELEX

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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