Smart cameras everywhere: AI vision on edge with emerging memories

Alex James, Georgios Ch Sirakoulis, Kaushik Roy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This focus paper provides an overview on the emerging area of in-memory neural vision chips for building intelligent cameras. The generalization abilities of neural networks and their close proximity to eye and sensory processing units in human brain lays foundations for building neural vision chips capable of performing object detection, classification, and predictions. In real-time settings, often the information visible to a camera does not meaningfully capture all the relevant context, object dynamics, and behaviors, making smart camera solutions complex and energy hungry. Learning from images is a continuous process in the human brain while consuming extremely low energy, and these properties have proven to be the benchmarks of the ideal neural vision chips. Offloading the intelligent data processing and image processing to edge devices using neural vision chips offers several advantages of speed, lower energy costs, and security. In practice, with emerging memory arrays, memory and computing become indistinguishable that can perform dot-product computations, store weights, and perform logic operations forming the basic blocks of building several types of neural networks useful for solving a range of computer vision problems.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 26th IEEE International Conference on Electronics, Circuits and Systems, ICECS 2019
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages422-425
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781728109961
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019
Event26th IEEE International Conference on Electronics, Circuits and Systems, ICECS 2019 - Genoa, Italy
Duration: Nov 27 2019Nov 29 2019

Publication series

Name2019 26th IEEE International Conference on Electronics, Circuits and Systems, ICECS 2019

Conference

Conference26th IEEE International Conference on Electronics, Circuits and Systems, ICECS 2019
CountryItaly
CityGenoa
Period11/27/1911/29/19

Keywords

  • AI vision
  • In-memory computing
  • Neural networks
  • Non volatile memories
  • Smart camera

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Control and Optimization
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Hardware and Architecture

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