Soluble IGF2 receptor rescues ApcMin/+ intestinal adenoma progression induced by Igf2 loss of imprinting

James Harper, Jason L. Burns, Emily J. Foulstone, Massimo Pignatelli, Silvio Zaina, A. Bassim Hassan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)


The potent growth-promoting activity of insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II) is highly regulated during development but frequently up-regulated in tumors. Increased expression of the normally monoallelic (paternally expressed) mouse (Igf2) and human (IGF2) genes modify progression of intestinal adenoma in the ApcMin/+ mouse and correlate with a high relative risk of human colorectal cancer susceptibility, respectively. We examined the functional consequence of Igf2 allelic dosage (null, monoallelic, and biallelic) on intestinal adenoma development in the ApcMin/+ by breeding with mice with either disruption of Igf2 paternal allele or H19 maternal allele and used these models to evaluate an IGF-II-specific therapeutic intervention. Increased allelic Igf2 expression led to elongation of intestinal crypts, increased adenoma growth independent of systemic growth, and increased adenoma nuclear β-catenin staining. By introducing a transgene expressing a soluble form of the full-length IGF-II/mannose 6-phosphate receptor (sIGF2R) in the intestine, which acts as a specific inhibitor of IGF-II ligand bioavailability (ligand trap), we show rescue of the Igf2-dependent intestinal and adenoma phenotype. This evidence shows the functional potency of allelic dosage of an epigenetically regulated gene in cancer and supports the application of an IGF-II ligand-specific therapeutic intervention in colorectal cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1940-1948
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Feb 15 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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