Solution of the dark energy and its coincidence problem based on local antigravity sources without fine-tuning or new scales

Georgios Kofinas, Vasilios Zarikas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A novel idea is proposed for a natural solution of the dark energy and its cosmic coincidence problem. The existence of local antigravity sources, associated with astrophysical matter configurations distributed throughout the Universe, can lead to a recent cosmic acceleration effect. Various physical theories can be compatible with this idea, but here, in order to test our proposal, we focus on quantum originated spherically symmetric metrics matched with the cosmological evolution through the simplest Swiss cheese model. In the context of asymptotically safe gravity, we have explained the observed amount of dark energy using Newton's constant, the galaxy or cluster length scales, and dimensionless order-one parameters predicted by the theory, without fine-tuning or extra unproven energy scales. The interior modified Schwarzschild-de Sitter metric allows us to approximately interpret this result as that the standard cosmological constant is a composite quantity made of the above parameters, instead of a fundamental one.

Original languageEnglish
Article number123542
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume97
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 15 2018

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antigravity
dark energy
tuning
newton
proposals
astrophysics
universe
gravitation
galaxies
composite materials
configurations
energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Solution of the dark energy and its coincidence problem based on local antigravity sources without fine-tuning or new scales. / Kofinas, Georgios; Zarikas, Vasilios.

In: Physical Review D, Vol. 97, No. 12, 123542, 15.06.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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