State intervention in Kazakhstan's energy sector: Nationalisation or participation?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


This paper explores the dynamics of state intervention policies in Kazakhstan's petroleum sector between 2001 and 2012. Although the government in this period had become more assertive in relations with multinational enterprises (MNEs), a full-scale nationalisation had not occurred as the state strengthened control over the industry without forcing out oil multinationals. The findings suggest that the increased state intervention in Kazakhstan's petroleum sector was motivated by a rationale of indigenous capacity-building rather than by an exclusively economic rationale of maximising rents. It is often overlooked that the government endeavoured to achieve a greater participation of Kazmunaigas national oil company (NOC) in the domestic energy sector. Contrary to nationalisation, participation doctrine does not prioritise asset expropriation and/or displacing foreign investors. In Kazakhstan, participation strategy facilitated a partnership between the NOC and MNEs with the aim of strengthening local expertise.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-151
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Eurasian Studies
Issue number2
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018


  • Kazakhstan's energy sector
  • nationalisation
  • participation
  • state intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • History
  • Sociology and Political Science

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'State intervention in Kazakhstan's energy sector: Nationalisation or participation?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this