Study of Flame and Smoke Propagation and Fire Safety in a Small Cinema Hall Using LES Fire and Evacuation Simulation

Ali Akitayev, Ilyas Beisekenov, Aryslan Malik, Yong Zhao, Soo Lee Teh, S.C. Fok

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

The present work aims to investigate flame and smoke propagation in a small cinema hall using Large Eddy Simulation (LES)-based fire dynamics simulation for different
scenarios and to study the evacuation schemes under these scenarios. The key aspects of fire dynamics, namely solid material pyrolysis, flame and smoke propagation, gas velocity and temperature distributions were studied. Especially, flame and smoke movement directions and their speeds were analyzed to suggest better evacuation plan to optimally mitigate fire hazards for human lives in real life conditions. Moreover, temperature rise throughout the hall was studied for possible detrimental effects on both humans and structures. Different fire locations were investigated and compared in terms of potential hazard and evacuation schemes. Without any safety measures, occupants need to use about 216 seconds to leave the cinema hall. After conducting the studies, the installation of fire alarm, fire sprinklers and smoke removing systems was suggested as an engineering hazard control. Moreover, some administrative hazard controls, such as preventing people from being in dangerous zone and
conducting after-action reviews can be taken as additional measures.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Nov 18 2017
EventInternational Fire and Explosion Summit - China University of Petroleum, QingDao, China
Duration: Nov 18 2017Nov 19 2017
Conference number: 1

Conference

ConferenceInternational Fire and Explosion Summit
CountryChina
CityQingDao
Period11/18/1711/19/17

Fingerprint

Large eddy simulation
Smoke
Fires
Hazards
Fire hazards
Velocity distribution
Temperature distribution
Pyrolysis
Computer simulation
Gases
Temperature

Cite this

Akitayev, A., Beisekenov, I., Malik, A., Zhao, Y., Teh, S. L., & Fok, S. C. (Accepted/In press). Study of Flame and Smoke Propagation and Fire Safety in a Small Cinema Hall Using LES Fire and Evacuation Simulation. Paper presented at International Fire and Explosion Summit, QingDao, China.

Study of Flame and Smoke Propagation and Fire Safety in a Small Cinema Hall Using LES Fire and Evacuation Simulation. / Akitayev, Ali; Beisekenov, Ilyas; Malik, Aryslan; Zhao, Yong; Teh, Soo Lee; Fok, S.C.

2017. Paper presented at International Fire and Explosion Summit, QingDao, China.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Akitayev, A, Beisekenov, I, Malik, A, Zhao, Y, Teh, SL & Fok, SC 2017, 'Study of Flame and Smoke Propagation and Fire Safety in a Small Cinema Hall Using LES Fire and Evacuation Simulation' Paper presented at International Fire and Explosion Summit, QingDao, China, 11/18/17 - 11/19/17, .
Akitayev A, Beisekenov I, Malik A, Zhao Y, Teh SL, Fok SC. Study of Flame and Smoke Propagation and Fire Safety in a Small Cinema Hall Using LES Fire and Evacuation Simulation. 2017. Paper presented at International Fire and Explosion Summit, QingDao, China.
Akitayev, Ali ; Beisekenov, Ilyas ; Malik, Aryslan ; Zhao, Yong ; Teh, Soo Lee ; Fok, S.C. / Study of Flame and Smoke Propagation and Fire Safety in a Small Cinema Hall Using LES Fire and Evacuation Simulation. Paper presented at International Fire and Explosion Summit, QingDao, China.
@conference{7b25da73f5284053bb4234889b167e56,
title = "Study of Flame and Smoke Propagation and Fire Safety in a Small Cinema Hall Using LES Fire and Evacuation Simulation",
abstract = "The present work aims to investigate flame and smoke propagation in a small cinema hall using Large Eddy Simulation (LES)-based fire dynamics simulation for differentscenarios and to study the evacuation schemes under these scenarios. The key aspects of fire dynamics, namely solid material pyrolysis, flame and smoke propagation, gas velocity and temperature distributions were studied. Especially, flame and smoke movement directions and their speeds were analyzed to suggest better evacuation plan to optimally mitigate fire hazards for human lives in real life conditions. Moreover, temperature rise throughout the hall was studied for possible detrimental effects on both humans and structures. Different fire locations were investigated and compared in terms of potential hazard and evacuation schemes. Without any safety measures, occupants need to use about 216 seconds to leave the cinema hall. After conducting the studies, the installation of fire alarm, fire sprinklers and smoke removing systems was suggested as an engineering hazard control. Moreover, some administrative hazard controls, such as preventing people from being in dangerous zone and conducting after-action reviews can be taken as additional measures.",
author = "Ali Akitayev and Ilyas Beisekenov and Aryslan Malik and Yong Zhao and Teh, {Soo Lee} and S.C. Fok",
year = "2017",
month = "11",
day = "18",
language = "English",
note = "International Fire and Explosion Summit ; Conference date: 18-11-2017 Through 19-11-2017",

}

TY - CONF

T1 - Study of Flame and Smoke Propagation and Fire Safety in a Small Cinema Hall Using LES Fire and Evacuation Simulation

AU - Akitayev, Ali

AU - Beisekenov, Ilyas

AU - Malik, Aryslan

AU - Zhao, Yong

AU - Teh, Soo Lee

AU - Fok, S.C.

PY - 2017/11/18

Y1 - 2017/11/18

N2 - The present work aims to investigate flame and smoke propagation in a small cinema hall using Large Eddy Simulation (LES)-based fire dynamics simulation for differentscenarios and to study the evacuation schemes under these scenarios. The key aspects of fire dynamics, namely solid material pyrolysis, flame and smoke propagation, gas velocity and temperature distributions were studied. Especially, flame and smoke movement directions and their speeds were analyzed to suggest better evacuation plan to optimally mitigate fire hazards for human lives in real life conditions. Moreover, temperature rise throughout the hall was studied for possible detrimental effects on both humans and structures. Different fire locations were investigated and compared in terms of potential hazard and evacuation schemes. Without any safety measures, occupants need to use about 216 seconds to leave the cinema hall. After conducting the studies, the installation of fire alarm, fire sprinklers and smoke removing systems was suggested as an engineering hazard control. Moreover, some administrative hazard controls, such as preventing people from being in dangerous zone and conducting after-action reviews can be taken as additional measures.

AB - The present work aims to investigate flame and smoke propagation in a small cinema hall using Large Eddy Simulation (LES)-based fire dynamics simulation for differentscenarios and to study the evacuation schemes under these scenarios. The key aspects of fire dynamics, namely solid material pyrolysis, flame and smoke propagation, gas velocity and temperature distributions were studied. Especially, flame and smoke movement directions and their speeds were analyzed to suggest better evacuation plan to optimally mitigate fire hazards for human lives in real life conditions. Moreover, temperature rise throughout the hall was studied for possible detrimental effects on both humans and structures. Different fire locations were investigated and compared in terms of potential hazard and evacuation schemes. Without any safety measures, occupants need to use about 216 seconds to leave the cinema hall. After conducting the studies, the installation of fire alarm, fire sprinklers and smoke removing systems was suggested as an engineering hazard control. Moreover, some administrative hazard controls, such as preventing people from being in dangerous zone and conducting after-action reviews can be taken as additional measures.

M3 - Paper

ER -