Surface erosion and modification by energetic ions

Z. Insepov, J. Norem, D. R. Swenson, A. Hassanein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Surface erosion and modification by energetic highly charged and cluster ions are important in the development of semiconductor devices, TeV accelerators, fission and fusion reactors, and in the development of extreme ultra-violet lithography devices. Gas cluster ion beam (GCIB) surface treatment can significantly mitigate the high-gradient electric vacuum breakdown of rf-cavities. GCIB can also mitigate Q-slope drop in superconducting Nb-cavities. Various mechanisms of the highly charged ion (HCI) energy transfer into the solid target, such as hollow atom formation, charge screening and neutralization, shock wave generation, and sputtering were analyzed. Surface erosions caused by GCIB, HCI bombardments, and by low energy He+ and H+ ions typical for fission and fusion devices were studied by using molecular dynamics simulation. A He bubble splashing mechanism of liquid Li containing was developed, and surface erosion was simulated. The mechanism of bubble explosion could significantly contribute to the surface erosion at high ion fluxes and explain the existing experimental results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)872-879
Number of pages8
JournalVacuum
Volume82
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

erosion
Erosion
Ions
Ion beams
Gases
ion beams
ions
fission
Extreme ultraviolet lithography
bubbles
reactors
gases
Fusion reactors
splashing
Semiconductor devices
Nuclear reactors
Ion bombardment
Bubbles (in fluids)
cavities
Shock waves

Keywords

  • Coulomb explosion
  • Gas cluster ion beam
  • Highly charged ion
  • Molecular dynamics
  • Shock wave
  • Sputtering
  • Tungsten

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

Cite this

Surface erosion and modification by energetic ions. / Insepov, Z.; Norem, J.; Swenson, D. R.; Hassanein, A.

In: Vacuum, Vol. 82, No. 9, 02.05.2008, p. 872-879.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Insepov, Z, Norem, J, Swenson, DR & Hassanein, A 2008, 'Surface erosion and modification by energetic ions', Vacuum, vol. 82, no. 9, pp. 872-879. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vacuum.2007.12.012
Insepov, Z. ; Norem, J. ; Swenson, D. R. ; Hassanein, A. / Surface erosion and modification by energetic ions. In: Vacuum. 2008 ; Vol. 82, No. 9. pp. 872-879.
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