TY - JOUR

T1 - Symmetric polynomials, generalized Jacobi-Trudi identities and τ-functions

AU - Harnad, J.

AU - Lee, Eunghyun

N1 - Funding Information:
The authors would like to thank A. Yu. Orlov for helpful comments and assistance with the Proof of Proposition 3.4, A. Borodin and G. Olshanski for pointing out Ref. 16, and A. Veselov for helping to clarify the examples of Sec. IV A. The work of J.H. was supported in part by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) and the Fonds de recherche du Québec—Nature et technologies (FRQNT).
Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Author(s).
Copyright:
Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

PY - 2018/9/1

Y1 - 2018/9/1

N2 - An element [Φ]∈GrnH+,F of the Grassmannian of n-dimensional subspaces of the Hardy space H+=H2, extended over the field F = C(x1, …, xn), may be associated to any polynomial basis ϕ = {ϕ0, ϕ1, ⋯ } for C(x). The Plücker coordinates Sλ,nϕ(x1,…,xn) of [Φ], labeled by partitions λ, provide an analog of Jacobi’s bi-alternant formula, defining a generalization of Schur polynomials. Applying the recursion relations satisfied by the polynomial system ϕ to the analog {hi(0)} of the complete symmetric functions generates a doubly infinite matrix hi(j) of symmetric polynomials that determine an element [H]∈Grn(H+,F). This is shown to coincide with [Φ], implying a set of generalized Jacobi identities, extending a result obtained by Sergeev and Veselov [Moscow Math. J. 14, 161-168 (2014)] for the case of orthogonal polynomials. The symmetric polynomials Sλ,nϕ(x1,…,xn) are shown to be KP (Kadomtsev-Petviashvili) τ-functions in terms of the power sums [x] of the xa’s, viewed as KP flow variables. A fermionic operator representation is derived for these, as well as for the infinite sums ∑λSλ,nϕ([x])Sλ,nθ(t) associated to any pair of polynomial bases (ϕ, θ), which are shown to be 2D Toda lattice τ-functions. A number of applications are given, including classical group character expansions, matrix model partition functions, and generators for random processes.

AB - An element [Φ]∈GrnH+,F of the Grassmannian of n-dimensional subspaces of the Hardy space H+=H2, extended over the field F = C(x1, …, xn), may be associated to any polynomial basis ϕ = {ϕ0, ϕ1, ⋯ } for C(x). The Plücker coordinates Sλ,nϕ(x1,…,xn) of [Φ], labeled by partitions λ, provide an analog of Jacobi’s bi-alternant formula, defining a generalization of Schur polynomials. Applying the recursion relations satisfied by the polynomial system ϕ to the analog {hi(0)} of the complete symmetric functions generates a doubly infinite matrix hi(j) of symmetric polynomials that determine an element [H]∈Grn(H+,F). This is shown to coincide with [Φ], implying a set of generalized Jacobi identities, extending a result obtained by Sergeev and Veselov [Moscow Math. J. 14, 161-168 (2014)] for the case of orthogonal polynomials. The symmetric polynomials Sλ,nϕ(x1,…,xn) are shown to be KP (Kadomtsev-Petviashvili) τ-functions in terms of the power sums [x] of the xa’s, viewed as KP flow variables. A fermionic operator representation is derived for these, as well as for the infinite sums ∑λSλ,nϕ([x])Sλ,nθ(t) associated to any pair of polynomial bases (ϕ, θ), which are shown to be 2D Toda lattice τ-functions. A number of applications are given, including classical group character expansions, matrix model partition functions, and generators for random processes.

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U2 - 10.1063/1.5051546

DO - 10.1063/1.5051546

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85053000728

VL - 59

JO - Journal of Mathematical Physics

JF - Journal of Mathematical Physics

SN - 0022-2488

IS - 9

M1 - 091411

ER -