Synthesis and characterization of bimetallic nanocomposite and its photocatalytic, antifungal and antibacterial activity

A. Senthilraja, Balu Krishnakumar, R. Hariharan, Abilio J.F.N. Sobral, C. Surya, N. Agnel Arul John, M. Shanthi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although noble metals were used as dopants, the synthesized composite is an economically and environmentally friendly photocatalyst, based on very low concentrations (Au-1 wt% and Ag-5 wt%) of both metals and its reusability in degradation experiments. The bimetallic photocatalyst was characterized by different techniques. Photocatalytic activity of Ag loaded Au/ZnO was evaluated by irradiating the sample solution under solar light and taking Acid Red 18 (AR 18) as an organic dye. The photocatalytic trials confirmed that the Ag-Au/ZnO composite exhibited improved photocatalytic efficiency compared with Ag-ZnO, Au-ZnO, commercial ZnO, bare ZnO, TiO2-P25 and TiO2 (Aldrich) at pH 11 for the mineralization of Acid Red 18 dye. The effects of operational parameters such as the amount of photocatalyst, dye concentration, initial pH on photomineralization of AR 18 dye have been analyzed. Degradation intermediates were analyzed by GC–MS, and a degradation pathway was proposed. A mechanism is proposed for the degradation of AR 18 under solar light. Moreover, the Ag-Au/ZnO sample showed excellent stability after four photodegradation cycling runs. The antifungal activity of the prepared materials was tested against Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, Penicillim chryogenum, Trigoderma veride and Fusarium oxysporum and their antibacterial activity was tested against Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, streptococcus pyogenes. All doped ZnOs have moderate to good activity compared with bare ZnO.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373-384
Number of pages12
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
Volume202
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 31 2018
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Nanocomposites
Coloring Agents
Dyes
Photocatalysts
Degradation
Acids
Aspergillus
Photodegradation
Composite materials
Reusability
Bacilli
Precious metals
Escherichia coli
Metals
Doping (additives)
ponceau 4R
Experiments

Keywords

  • Acid Red 18
  • Ag loaded Au-ZnO
  • Photocatalysis
  • Solar light

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

Cite this

Synthesis and characterization of bimetallic nanocomposite and its photocatalytic, antifungal and antibacterial activity. / Senthilraja, A.; Krishnakumar, Balu; Hariharan, R.; Sobral, Abilio J.F.N.; Surya, C.; John, N. Agnel Arul; Shanthi, M.

In: Separation and Purification Technology, Vol. 202, 31.08.2018, p. 373-384.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Senthilraja, A. ; Krishnakumar, Balu ; Hariharan, R. ; Sobral, Abilio J.F.N. ; Surya, C. ; John, N. Agnel Arul ; Shanthi, M. / Synthesis and characterization of bimetallic nanocomposite and its photocatalytic, antifungal and antibacterial activity. In: Separation and Purification Technology. 2018 ; Vol. 202. pp. 373-384.
@article{b8441aa4ed2744d883e77e0edaf68b22,
title = "Synthesis and characterization of bimetallic nanocomposite and its photocatalytic, antifungal and antibacterial activity",
abstract = "Although noble metals were used as dopants, the synthesized composite is an economically and environmentally friendly photocatalyst, based on very low concentrations (Au-1 wt{\%} and Ag-5 wt{\%}) of both metals and its reusability in degradation experiments. The bimetallic photocatalyst was characterized by different techniques. Photocatalytic activity of Ag loaded Au/ZnO was evaluated by irradiating the sample solution under solar light and taking Acid Red 18 (AR 18) as an organic dye. The photocatalytic trials confirmed that the Ag-Au/ZnO composite exhibited improved photocatalytic efficiency compared with Ag-ZnO, Au-ZnO, commercial ZnO, bare ZnO, TiO2-P25 and TiO2 (Aldrich) at pH 11 for the mineralization of Acid Red 18 dye. The effects of operational parameters such as the amount of photocatalyst, dye concentration, initial pH on photomineralization of AR 18 dye have been analyzed. Degradation intermediates were analyzed by GC–MS, and a degradation pathway was proposed. A mechanism is proposed for the degradation of AR 18 under solar light. Moreover, the Ag-Au/ZnO sample showed excellent stability after four photodegradation cycling runs. The antifungal activity of the prepared materials was tested against Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, Penicillim chryogenum, Trigoderma veride and Fusarium oxysporum and their antibacterial activity was tested against Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, streptococcus pyogenes. All doped ZnOs have moderate to good activity compared with bare ZnO.",
keywords = "Acid Red 18, Ag loaded Au-ZnO, Photocatalysis, Solar light",
author = "A. Senthilraja and Balu Krishnakumar and R. Hariharan and Sobral, {Abilio J.F.N.} and C. Surya and John, {N. Agnel Arul} and M. Shanthi",
year = "2018",
month = "8",
day = "31",
doi = "10.1016/j.seppur.2018.04.015",
language = "English",
volume = "202",
pages = "373--384",
journal = "Separation and Purification Technology",
issn = "1383-5866",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Synthesis and characterization of bimetallic nanocomposite and its photocatalytic, antifungal and antibacterial activity

AU - Senthilraja, A.

AU - Krishnakumar, Balu

AU - Hariharan, R.

AU - Sobral, Abilio J.F.N.

AU - Surya, C.

AU - John, N. Agnel Arul

AU - Shanthi, M.

PY - 2018/8/31

Y1 - 2018/8/31

N2 - Although noble metals were used as dopants, the synthesized composite is an economically and environmentally friendly photocatalyst, based on very low concentrations (Au-1 wt% and Ag-5 wt%) of both metals and its reusability in degradation experiments. The bimetallic photocatalyst was characterized by different techniques. Photocatalytic activity of Ag loaded Au/ZnO was evaluated by irradiating the sample solution under solar light and taking Acid Red 18 (AR 18) as an organic dye. The photocatalytic trials confirmed that the Ag-Au/ZnO composite exhibited improved photocatalytic efficiency compared with Ag-ZnO, Au-ZnO, commercial ZnO, bare ZnO, TiO2-P25 and TiO2 (Aldrich) at pH 11 for the mineralization of Acid Red 18 dye. The effects of operational parameters such as the amount of photocatalyst, dye concentration, initial pH on photomineralization of AR 18 dye have been analyzed. Degradation intermediates were analyzed by GC–MS, and a degradation pathway was proposed. A mechanism is proposed for the degradation of AR 18 under solar light. Moreover, the Ag-Au/ZnO sample showed excellent stability after four photodegradation cycling runs. The antifungal activity of the prepared materials was tested against Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, Penicillim chryogenum, Trigoderma veride and Fusarium oxysporum and their antibacterial activity was tested against Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, streptococcus pyogenes. All doped ZnOs have moderate to good activity compared with bare ZnO.

AB - Although noble metals were used as dopants, the synthesized composite is an economically and environmentally friendly photocatalyst, based on very low concentrations (Au-1 wt% and Ag-5 wt%) of both metals and its reusability in degradation experiments. The bimetallic photocatalyst was characterized by different techniques. Photocatalytic activity of Ag loaded Au/ZnO was evaluated by irradiating the sample solution under solar light and taking Acid Red 18 (AR 18) as an organic dye. The photocatalytic trials confirmed that the Ag-Au/ZnO composite exhibited improved photocatalytic efficiency compared with Ag-ZnO, Au-ZnO, commercial ZnO, bare ZnO, TiO2-P25 and TiO2 (Aldrich) at pH 11 for the mineralization of Acid Red 18 dye. The effects of operational parameters such as the amount of photocatalyst, dye concentration, initial pH on photomineralization of AR 18 dye have been analyzed. Degradation intermediates were analyzed by GC–MS, and a degradation pathway was proposed. A mechanism is proposed for the degradation of AR 18 under solar light. Moreover, the Ag-Au/ZnO sample showed excellent stability after four photodegradation cycling runs. The antifungal activity of the prepared materials was tested against Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, Penicillim chryogenum, Trigoderma veride and Fusarium oxysporum and their antibacterial activity was tested against Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, streptococcus pyogenes. All doped ZnOs have moderate to good activity compared with bare ZnO.

KW - Acid Red 18

KW - Ag loaded Au-ZnO

KW - Photocatalysis

KW - Solar light

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85045550982&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85045550982&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.seppur.2018.04.015

DO - 10.1016/j.seppur.2018.04.015

M3 - Article

VL - 202

SP - 373

EP - 384

JO - Separation and Purification Technology

JF - Separation and Purification Technology

SN - 1383-5866

ER -