Teacher governance factors and social cohesion: Insights from Pakistan

Anjum Halai, Naureen Durrani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper explores teacher governance factors, particularly recruitment and deployment of teachers, in relation to inequalities and social cohesion. Pakistan introduced major reforms in education in the post 9/11 context of escalating conflict. These include a merit and needs-based policy on teacher recruitment to eliminate corruption in recruitment and improve equity on the basis of gender, language, ethnicity, religion, and special needs. A 4Rs framework of redistribution, recognition, representation and reconciliation was employed to analyse data gathered from: interviews with teacher educators, policy makers and development partners, and focus group discussions with and questionnaires completed by pre- and in-service teachers. The study concluded that teacher recruitment was driven by concerns of quality with weakly implemented largely quantitative measures of inclusion. Socio-politically grounded measures would be required for a diverse teaching force. Alongside, policies and procedures for the transfer of teachers would need to be streamlined so that teachers deployed to schools in marginalised areas serve there for a specified period of time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-75
Number of pages19
JournalEducation as Change
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

social cohesion
Pakistan
governance
teacher
redistribution
reconciliation
group discussion
corruption
equity
ethnicity
Religion
inclusion
educator
reform
questionnaire
gender
Teaching
interview
language
school

Keywords

  • Conflict
  • Social cohesion
  • Teacher deployment
  • Teacher recruitment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

Cite this

Teacher governance factors and social cohesion : Insights from Pakistan. / Halai, Anjum; Durrani, Naureen.

In: Education as Change, Vol. 20, No. 3, 01.01.2016, p. 57-75.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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