Temperature distributions inside concrete sections of renewable energy storage pile foundations

Dichuan Zhang, Zhamilya Mamesh, Dilnura Sailauova, Chang Shon, Deuckhang Lee, Jong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


A new pile foundation system is being developed for renewable energy storage through a multi-disciplinary research project. This system utilizes the compressed air technology to store renewable energy inside the reinforced concrete pile foundation configured with hollowed sections. The compressed air can result in high air pressure to which the structural response of the pile foundation subjected has been studied. However, the temperature in the pile foundation can be affected by the compressed air if suffcient cooling is not provided. The temperature change can generate thermal stresses and affect the structural safety of the pile foundation. As a first step to investigate this thermal effect, this paper studies temperature distributions inside the concrete section for the pile foundation through non-steady state heat transfer analyses. Several parameters were considered in the study, including thermal conductivities of the concrete, specific heat capacities of the concrete, and dimensions of the pile foundation. It has been found that the temperature distribution along the concrete section varies significantly during a daily energy storage cycle as well as subsequent cycles due to the cumulative effect of residual temperatures at the end of each cycle. The temperature distribution is largely affected by the thermal conductivity of the concrete and the geometry of the pile foundation. The obtained temperature distribution can be used for investigation of the thermal stress inside the foundation and surrounding soil.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4776
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2019


  • Compressed air
  • Concrete pile foundation
  • Heat transfer analysis
  • Non-steady state response
  • Renewable energy storage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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