Testicular Embryonal Rhabdomyosarcoma: A case report

Matthew Tanko, Agabus N Manasseh, Godwins O Echejoh, Shola K Jegede, Barnabas M Mandong

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Rhabdomyosarcoma is one of the most frequent soft tissue sarcomas in children. It is found mostly in children, primarily infants, toddlers, and pre-school pupils. However, pure testicular rhabdomyosarcoma is a very rare tumor and few cases have been reported in literature. The tumor usually presents as a painless testicular enlargement with early dissemination via the blood stream and lymphatics. The origin of this tumor is presumed to be from overgrowth of a sarcomatous area of the teratoma. Here, we present a case of testicular rhabdomyosarcoma in a 15-year-old student with a fatal outcome during chemotherapy. This is actually the first case of pure testicular rhabdomyosarcoma diagnosed in this centre after over 10 years. The index case is a 15-year-old male student who presented with a two months history of right sided testicular swelling that has rapidly increased in size since onset. There was an associated dragging sensation, and no evidence of urinary tract infection. Past medical and surgical histories were also nil of note. He is the first of two sons. He lost his mother about a year earlier to invasive ductal carcinoma of the right breast. There has not been a previous history of cancer recorded in the extended family before now. On physical examination, the mass measured 16 by 6 cm and was firm to hard in consistency; it was irregular in shape and non tender. The mass appeared to be continuous with the right testis, mobile and not fixed to the scrotal skin. Other systems examined were normal. Preliminary fine needle aspiration done at the referring hospital suggested a small round blue cell tumor. On admission at the Jos University Teaching Hospital, chest x-ray, abdominal ultrasound, full blood count, urinalysis, serum urea, electrolyte and creatinine, alpha feto protein and -human chorionic gonadotropin were all normal. No intra-abdominal lymphnode enlargement was visualized at ultrasonography.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)470-472
Number of pages3
JournalInternation Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009

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