The ability of Fos family members to produce phenotypic changes in epithelioid cells is not directly linked to their transactivation potentials

Henriette Andersen, Shaukat Mahmood, Vadim Tkach, Martin Cohn, Olga Kustikova, Mariam Grigorian, Vladimir Berezin, Elisabeth Bock, Eugene Lukanidin, Eugene Tulchinsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Numerous studies have revealed distinct functions of Fos proteins in different mouse tissues and cell lines. Here, we perform a direct comparison of the features of exogenous c-Fos, Fra-1 and Fra-2 proteins expressed in murine tumor cells of epithelial origin, CSML0. Although transactivation potential of c-Fos is much stronger than that of Fra-1 and Fra-2, all three proteins are capable of modulating transcription of target genes. Moreover, there is a certain degree of specificity in the induction of the transcription of AP-1-responsive genes by different Fos proteins. For instance, c-Fos and Fra-1 but not Fra-2 activated genes of the urokinase system. Additionally, not only a strong transcriptional activator c-Fos, but also Fra-1 induced morphological alterations in CSML0 cells. N-terminal domain of Fra-1 was required for this function. On the other hand, Fra-2 failed to change morphology of CSML0 cells. We therefore conclude that c-Fos, Fra-1 and Fra-2 differently activate transcription of target genes and induce morphological changes in epithelioid carcinoma cells in a manner not directly linked to their transactivation potentials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4843-4848
Number of pages6
JournalOncogene
Volume21
Issue number31
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • c-Fos
  • Cell shape
  • Fra-1
  • Fra-2
  • Transcription

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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