The Connection of the Genetic, Cultural and Geographic Landscapes of Transoxiana

Maxat Zhabagin, Elena Balanovska, Zhaxylyk M. Sabitov, Marina Kuznetsova, Anastasiya Agdzhoyan, Olga Balaganskaya, Marina Chukhryaeva, Nadezhda Markina, Alexey Romanov, Roza Skhalyakho, Valery Zaporozhchenko, Liudmila Saroyants, Dilbar Dalimova, Damir Davletchurin, Shahlo Turdikulova, Yuldash Yusupov, Inkar Tazhigulova, Ainur Akilzhanova, Chris Tyler-Smith, Oleg Balanovsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have analyzed Y-chromosomal variation in populations from Transoxiana, a historical region covering the southwestern part of Central Asia. We studied 780 samples from 10 regional populations of Kazakhs, Uzbeks, Turkmens, Dungans, and Karakalpaks using 35 SNP and 17 STR markers. Analysis of haplogroup frequencies using multidimensional scaling and principal component plots, supported by an analysis of molecular variance, showed that the geographic landscape of Transoxiana, despite its distinctiveness and diversity (deserts, fertile river basins, foothills and plains) had no strong influence on the genetic landscape. The main factor structuring the gene pool was the mode of subsistence: settled agriculture or nomadic pastoralism. Investigation of STR-based clusters of haplotypes and their ages revealed that cultural and demic expansions of Transoxiana were not closely connected with each other. The Arab cultural expansion introduced Islam to the region but did not leave a significant mark on the pool of paternal lineages. The Mongol expansion, in contrast, had enormous demic success, but did not impact cultural elements like language and religion. The genealogy of Muslim missionaries within the settled agricultural communities of Transoxiana was based on spiritual succession passed from teacher to disciple. However, among Transoxianan nomads, spiritual and biological succession became merged.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3085
JournalScientific Reports
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 8 2017
Externally publishedYes

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Islam
Central Asia
Genealogy and Heraldry
Gene Pool
Religion
Agriculture
Rivers
Haplotypes
Population
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
Analysis of Variance
Language
Missionaries

Keywords

  • Journal Article

Cite this

Zhabagin, M., Balanovska, E., Sabitov, Z. M., Kuznetsova, M., Agdzhoyan, A., Balaganskaya, O., ... Balanovsky, O. (2017). The Connection of the Genetic, Cultural and Geographic Landscapes of Transoxiana. Scientific Reports, 7(1), 3085. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-03176-z

The Connection of the Genetic, Cultural and Geographic Landscapes of Transoxiana. / Zhabagin, Maxat; Balanovska, Elena; Sabitov, Zhaxylyk M.; Kuznetsova, Marina; Agdzhoyan, Anastasiya; Balaganskaya, Olga; Chukhryaeva, Marina; Markina, Nadezhda; Romanov, Alexey; Skhalyakho, Roza; Zaporozhchenko, Valery; Saroyants, Liudmila; Dalimova, Dilbar; Davletchurin, Damir; Turdikulova, Shahlo; Yusupov, Yuldash; Tazhigulova, Inkar; Akilzhanova, Ainur; Tyler-Smith, Chris; Balanovsky, Oleg.

In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 7, No. 1, 08.06.2017, p. 3085.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhabagin, M, Balanovska, E, Sabitov, ZM, Kuznetsova, M, Agdzhoyan, A, Balaganskaya, O, Chukhryaeva, M, Markina, N, Romanov, A, Skhalyakho, R, Zaporozhchenko, V, Saroyants, L, Dalimova, D, Davletchurin, D, Turdikulova, S, Yusupov, Y, Tazhigulova, I, Akilzhanova, A, Tyler-Smith, C & Balanovsky, O 2017, 'The Connection of the Genetic, Cultural and Geographic Landscapes of Transoxiana', Scientific Reports, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 3085. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-03176-z
Zhabagin M, Balanovska E, Sabitov ZM, Kuznetsova M, Agdzhoyan A, Balaganskaya O et al. The Connection of the Genetic, Cultural and Geographic Landscapes of Transoxiana. Scientific Reports. 2017 Jun 8;7(1):3085. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-03176-z
Zhabagin, Maxat ; Balanovska, Elena ; Sabitov, Zhaxylyk M. ; Kuznetsova, Marina ; Agdzhoyan, Anastasiya ; Balaganskaya, Olga ; Chukhryaeva, Marina ; Markina, Nadezhda ; Romanov, Alexey ; Skhalyakho, Roza ; Zaporozhchenko, Valery ; Saroyants, Liudmila ; Dalimova, Dilbar ; Davletchurin, Damir ; Turdikulova, Shahlo ; Yusupov, Yuldash ; Tazhigulova, Inkar ; Akilzhanova, Ainur ; Tyler-Smith, Chris ; Balanovsky, Oleg. / The Connection of the Genetic, Cultural and Geographic Landscapes of Transoxiana. In: Scientific Reports. 2017 ; Vol. 7, No. 1. pp. 3085.
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