The constitutional theocracy of Lubsan-Samdan Tsydenov

An attempt to establish a Buddhist state in Transbaikalia (1918-1922)

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

The paper examines causes and circumstances of the establishment of a Buddhist theocratic state by Lubsan-Samdan Tsydenov, an outstanding figure of Buryat Buddhism. Drawing upon some hitherto unedited Tibetan, Mongolian and Russian sources, the paper undertakes a detailed reconstruction of the events in Siberian Transbaikalia in the period of the Russian Civil War. An analysis of the personal notes by Tsydenov and the text of the Constitution of Kudun Buddhist state shows that "Kudun theocracy" was a syncretic fusion of the traditional Buddhist understanding of the Buddhist "Dharmic state" and modernist conceptions of republicanism and constitutional democracy. The Kudun theocracy should also be interpreted as a response of the Buddhist circles to the attempts of the Buryat secular nationalists to build the Buryat statehood based upon the idea of national self-determination. The Kudun project shows that Buddhism could serve as a foundation for state-building at the age of the early 20th century Russian political crisis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)318-346
Number of pages29
JournalGosudarstvo, Religiia, Tserkov' v Rossii i za Rubezhom
Volume33
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

theocracy
Buddhism
national self-determination
republicanism
statehood
political crisis
constitution
reconstruction
democracy
cause
event
Buddhist
Theocracy

Keywords

  • Buddhism
  • Buryatia
  • Civil War
  • Constitution
  • Lubsan-Samdan Tsydenov
  • Modernity
  • Russia
  • Theocracy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Religious studies
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

@article{bc17a6e54a84421e8b23400eb25a313e,
title = "The constitutional theocracy of Lubsan-Samdan Tsydenov: An attempt to establish a Buddhist state in Transbaikalia (1918-1922)",
abstract = "The paper examines causes and circumstances of the establishment of a Buddhist theocratic state by Lubsan-Samdan Tsydenov, an outstanding figure of Buryat Buddhism. Drawing upon some hitherto unedited Tibetan, Mongolian and Russian sources, the paper undertakes a detailed reconstruction of the events in Siberian Transbaikalia in the period of the Russian Civil War. An analysis of the personal notes by Tsydenov and the text of the Constitution of Kudun Buddhist state shows that {"}Kudun theocracy{"} was a syncretic fusion of the traditional Buddhist understanding of the Buddhist {"}Dharmic state{"} and modernist conceptions of republicanism and constitutional democracy. The Kudun theocracy should also be interpreted as a response of the Buddhist circles to the attempts of the Buryat secular nationalists to build the Buryat statehood based upon the idea of national self-determination. The Kudun project shows that Buddhism could serve as a foundation for state-building at the age of the early 20th century Russian political crisis.",
keywords = "Buddhism, Buryatia, Civil War, Constitution, Lubsan-Samdan Tsydenov, Modernity, Russia, Theocracy",
author = "Nikolay Tsyrempilov",
year = "2015",
language = "English",
volume = "33",
pages = "318--346",
journal = "Gosudarstvo, Religiia, Tserkov' v Rossii i za Rubezhom/State, Religion and Church in Russia and Worldwide",
issn = "2073-7203",
publisher = "Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The constitutional theocracy of Lubsan-Samdan Tsydenov

T2 - An attempt to establish a Buddhist state in Transbaikalia (1918-1922)

AU - Tsyrempilov, Nikolay

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - The paper examines causes and circumstances of the establishment of a Buddhist theocratic state by Lubsan-Samdan Tsydenov, an outstanding figure of Buryat Buddhism. Drawing upon some hitherto unedited Tibetan, Mongolian and Russian sources, the paper undertakes a detailed reconstruction of the events in Siberian Transbaikalia in the period of the Russian Civil War. An analysis of the personal notes by Tsydenov and the text of the Constitution of Kudun Buddhist state shows that "Kudun theocracy" was a syncretic fusion of the traditional Buddhist understanding of the Buddhist "Dharmic state" and modernist conceptions of republicanism and constitutional democracy. The Kudun theocracy should also be interpreted as a response of the Buddhist circles to the attempts of the Buryat secular nationalists to build the Buryat statehood based upon the idea of national self-determination. The Kudun project shows that Buddhism could serve as a foundation for state-building at the age of the early 20th century Russian political crisis.

AB - The paper examines causes and circumstances of the establishment of a Buddhist theocratic state by Lubsan-Samdan Tsydenov, an outstanding figure of Buryat Buddhism. Drawing upon some hitherto unedited Tibetan, Mongolian and Russian sources, the paper undertakes a detailed reconstruction of the events in Siberian Transbaikalia in the period of the Russian Civil War. An analysis of the personal notes by Tsydenov and the text of the Constitution of Kudun Buddhist state shows that "Kudun theocracy" was a syncretic fusion of the traditional Buddhist understanding of the Buddhist "Dharmic state" and modernist conceptions of republicanism and constitutional democracy. The Kudun theocracy should also be interpreted as a response of the Buddhist circles to the attempts of the Buryat secular nationalists to build the Buryat statehood based upon the idea of national self-determination. The Kudun project shows that Buddhism could serve as a foundation for state-building at the age of the early 20th century Russian political crisis.

KW - Buddhism

KW - Buryatia

KW - Civil War

KW - Constitution

KW - Lubsan-Samdan Tsydenov

KW - Modernity

KW - Russia

KW - Theocracy

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84983580354&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84983580354&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Review article

VL - 33

SP - 318

EP - 346

JO - Gosudarstvo, Religiia, Tserkov' v Rossii i za Rubezhom/State, Religion and Church in Russia and Worldwide

JF - Gosudarstvo, Religiia, Tserkov' v Rossii i za Rubezhom/State, Religion and Church in Russia and Worldwide

SN - 2073-7203

IS - 4

ER -