The Diffusion of Voluntary Environmental Programs: The Case of ISO 14001 in Korea, 1996–2011

Kyungmin Baek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper examines the adoption of ISO 14001, which is known as the most famous voluntary environmental program. The data of this paper pertain to Korean [Throughout this paper, Korea refers to the Republic of Korea (South Korea)] firms in manufacturing industries from 1996 to 2011. Event-history modeling to examine firms’ adoption of ISO 14001 finds that both resource-based factors and institutional factors have influenced the diffusion of ISO 14001 in Korea. By exploring time-related effects, I also find that while resource-based factors are important in the early periods of the diffusion, institutional factors become important in the later periods of the diffusion. This confirms the findings of previous studies that a firm’s motivation to adopt organizational policies varies according to different diffusion periods. The paper concludes with a brief discussion of what this study tells us about the institutional context of ISO 14001 in Korea and Asia more broadly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-336
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Business Ethics
Volume145
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 5 2017

Keywords

  • ISO 14001
  • Institutional theory
  • Korea
  • Resource-based view

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Law

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