The effect of gasoline composition on the exhaust regulated emissions and specific hydrocarbons

E. Zervas, S. G. Poulopoulos, C. Philippopoulos

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A spark ignition engine was used to determine the influence of fuel composition on the exhaust emissions of regulated pollutants and specific hydrocarbons. Two specific fuel matrixes were used: the first contains eight hydrocarbons and the second also four oxygenated compounds. Fuel aromatics increased the exhaust CO, hydrocarbon (HC), and NO x. The addition of oxygenated compounds could decrease exhaust CO, HC, and NO x up to 30, 50, and 60%, respectively. Under these conditions, the addition of 5% of 2-propanol was the most effective for the reduction of CO. The addition of 20% of ethanol for the reduction of HC and this of 5% of MTBE for the NO x. The influence of fuel composition on the emission of gt; 20 individual hydrocarbons was also presented. The emissions of all HC generally decreased with the addition of oxygenated compounds, except sometimes in the case of methane, ethane, ethylene, propylene, isobutene, and cyclohexane, which increased. The percentages of these HC in the exhaust gas of the commercial fuel were calculated. Several models correlating the exhaust concentration of these pollutants with the fuel composition were also presented. This is an abstract of a paper presented at the 7th World Congress of Chemical Engineering (Glasgow, Scotland 7/10-14/2005).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication7th World Congress of Chemical Engineering, GLASGOW2005, incorporating the 5th European Congress of Chemical Engineering - Congress Manuscripts
Pages463
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes
Event7th World Congress of Chemical Engineering, GLASGOW2005, incorporating the 5th European Congress of Chemical Engineering - Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom
Duration: Jul 10 2005Jul 14 2005

Other

Other7th World Congress of Chemical Engineering, GLASGOW2005, incorporating the 5th European Congress of Chemical Engineering
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityGlasgow, Scotland
Period7/10/057/14/05

Fingerprint

Gasoline
Hydrocarbons
Chemical analysis
Propanol
Chemical engineering
Cyclohexane
Ethane
Exhaust gases
Internal combustion engines
Propylene
Ethylene
Methane
Ethanol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)

Cite this

Zervas, E., Poulopoulos, S. G., & Philippopoulos, C. (2005). The effect of gasoline composition on the exhaust regulated emissions and specific hydrocarbons. In 7th World Congress of Chemical Engineering, GLASGOW2005, incorporating the 5th European Congress of Chemical Engineering - Congress Manuscripts (pp. 463)

The effect of gasoline composition on the exhaust regulated emissions and specific hydrocarbons. / Zervas, E.; Poulopoulos, S. G.; Philippopoulos, C.

7th World Congress of Chemical Engineering, GLASGOW2005, incorporating the 5th European Congress of Chemical Engineering - Congress Manuscripts. 2005. p. 463.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Zervas, E, Poulopoulos, SG & Philippopoulos, C 2005, The effect of gasoline composition on the exhaust regulated emissions and specific hydrocarbons. in 7th World Congress of Chemical Engineering, GLASGOW2005, incorporating the 5th European Congress of Chemical Engineering - Congress Manuscripts. pp. 463, 7th World Congress of Chemical Engineering, GLASGOW2005, incorporating the 5th European Congress of Chemical Engineering, Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom, 7/10/05.
Zervas E, Poulopoulos SG, Philippopoulos C. The effect of gasoline composition on the exhaust regulated emissions and specific hydrocarbons. In 7th World Congress of Chemical Engineering, GLASGOW2005, incorporating the 5th European Congress of Chemical Engineering - Congress Manuscripts. 2005. p. 463
Zervas, E. ; Poulopoulos, S. G. ; Philippopoulos, C. / The effect of gasoline composition on the exhaust regulated emissions and specific hydrocarbons. 7th World Congress of Chemical Engineering, GLASGOW2005, incorporating the 5th European Congress of Chemical Engineering - Congress Manuscripts. 2005. pp. 463
@inproceedings{0357bf3afb25492ea67afc5c1e5c69a1,
title = "The effect of gasoline composition on the exhaust regulated emissions and specific hydrocarbons",
abstract = "A spark ignition engine was used to determine the influence of fuel composition on the exhaust emissions of regulated pollutants and specific hydrocarbons. Two specific fuel matrixes were used: the first contains eight hydrocarbons and the second also four oxygenated compounds. Fuel aromatics increased the exhaust CO, hydrocarbon (HC), and NO x. The addition of oxygenated compounds could decrease exhaust CO, HC, and NO x up to 30, 50, and 60{\%}, respectively. Under these conditions, the addition of 5{\%} of 2-propanol was the most effective for the reduction of CO. The addition of 20{\%} of ethanol for the reduction of HC and this of 5{\%} of MTBE for the NO x. The influence of fuel composition on the emission of gt; 20 individual hydrocarbons was also presented. The emissions of all HC generally decreased with the addition of oxygenated compounds, except sometimes in the case of methane, ethane, ethylene, propylene, isobutene, and cyclohexane, which increased. The percentages of these HC in the exhaust gas of the commercial fuel were calculated. Several models correlating the exhaust concentration of these pollutants with the fuel composition were also presented. This is an abstract of a paper presented at the 7th World Congress of Chemical Engineering (Glasgow, Scotland 7/10-14/2005).",
author = "E. Zervas and Poulopoulos, {S. G.} and C. Philippopoulos",
year = "2005",
language = "English",
isbn = "0852954948",
pages = "463",
booktitle = "7th World Congress of Chemical Engineering, GLASGOW2005, incorporating the 5th European Congress of Chemical Engineering - Congress Manuscripts",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - The effect of gasoline composition on the exhaust regulated emissions and specific hydrocarbons

AU - Zervas, E.

AU - Poulopoulos, S. G.

AU - Philippopoulos, C.

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - A spark ignition engine was used to determine the influence of fuel composition on the exhaust emissions of regulated pollutants and specific hydrocarbons. Two specific fuel matrixes were used: the first contains eight hydrocarbons and the second also four oxygenated compounds. Fuel aromatics increased the exhaust CO, hydrocarbon (HC), and NO x. The addition of oxygenated compounds could decrease exhaust CO, HC, and NO x up to 30, 50, and 60%, respectively. Under these conditions, the addition of 5% of 2-propanol was the most effective for the reduction of CO. The addition of 20% of ethanol for the reduction of HC and this of 5% of MTBE for the NO x. The influence of fuel composition on the emission of gt; 20 individual hydrocarbons was also presented. The emissions of all HC generally decreased with the addition of oxygenated compounds, except sometimes in the case of methane, ethane, ethylene, propylene, isobutene, and cyclohexane, which increased. The percentages of these HC in the exhaust gas of the commercial fuel were calculated. Several models correlating the exhaust concentration of these pollutants with the fuel composition were also presented. This is an abstract of a paper presented at the 7th World Congress of Chemical Engineering (Glasgow, Scotland 7/10-14/2005).

AB - A spark ignition engine was used to determine the influence of fuel composition on the exhaust emissions of regulated pollutants and specific hydrocarbons. Two specific fuel matrixes were used: the first contains eight hydrocarbons and the second also four oxygenated compounds. Fuel aromatics increased the exhaust CO, hydrocarbon (HC), and NO x. The addition of oxygenated compounds could decrease exhaust CO, HC, and NO x up to 30, 50, and 60%, respectively. Under these conditions, the addition of 5% of 2-propanol was the most effective for the reduction of CO. The addition of 20% of ethanol for the reduction of HC and this of 5% of MTBE for the NO x. The influence of fuel composition on the emission of gt; 20 individual hydrocarbons was also presented. The emissions of all HC generally decreased with the addition of oxygenated compounds, except sometimes in the case of methane, ethane, ethylene, propylene, isobutene, and cyclohexane, which increased. The percentages of these HC in the exhaust gas of the commercial fuel were calculated. Several models correlating the exhaust concentration of these pollutants with the fuel composition were also presented. This is an abstract of a paper presented at the 7th World Congress of Chemical Engineering (Glasgow, Scotland 7/10-14/2005).

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33645136959&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33645136959&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 0852954948

SN - 9780852954942

SP - 463

BT - 7th World Congress of Chemical Engineering, GLASGOW2005, incorporating the 5th European Congress of Chemical Engineering - Congress Manuscripts

ER -