The effects of air content on permeability of lightweight concrete

Tommy Y. Lo, H. Z. Cui, Abid Nadeem, Z. G. Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Air entraining agent is used to control the floatation of lightweight aggregate (LWA) in lightweight aggregate concrete (LWAC), therefore reducing the segregation of LWAC. At the same time, using an air entraining agent will affect the water sorption of the concrete. In this paper, two lightweight concrete mixes of density 1000 kg/m3 and air content of 13.5% and 31.9% were compared and the effects of entrained air on the strength, surface sorptivity, and chloride permeability of LWAC are presented. Results show that the use of porous LWA would not lower the permeability resistance of concrete. Entrained air had little effect on sorptivity but a major effect on chloride permeability. The weaker pores' network in the cement paste is the basic cause for the high chloride permeability of concrete than the use of porous LWA. Although chloride permeability of low density LWAC concrete decreased with age of concrete, it was found that the concrete was not dense enough to stop the chloride ion to penetrate through the concrete before the concrete mature at 90 days.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1874-1878
Number of pages5
JournalCement and Concrete Research
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Air content
  • Chloride permeability
  • Compressive strength
  • Lightweight concrete
  • Lightweight expanded clay aggregate
  • Sorptivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

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