The effects of privatization and competitive pressure on firms' price-cost margins: Micro evidence from emerging economies

Jozef Konings, Patrick Van Cayseele, Frederic Warzynski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper uses representative panel data on 1,701 Bulgarian and 2,047 Romanian manufacturing firms to analyze how price-cost margins are affected by privatization and competitive pressure. Privatization is associated with higher price-cost margins. This effect is stronger in highly competitive sectors, which suggests that the creation of competitive markets and privatization go together. It also suggests that privatized firms reduce costs rather than increase prices, as in highly competitive markets firms are more likely pricetakers. Import penetration is associated with lower price-cost margins in sectors where product market concentration is high, but in more competitive sectors this effect is reversed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)124-134
Number of pages11
JournalReview of Economics and Statistics
Volume87
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2005

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Economics and Econometrics

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