The Indus and the Ganges: river basins under extreme pressure

Upali Amarasinghe, Cai Xueliang, Devaraj de Gondappa, Tushaar Shah, Aditi Mukherji , Luna Bharati, G Ambili, Asad Qureshi, Dhruba Pant, Stefanos Xenarios, R Singh, Vladimir Smakhtin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)
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The basins of the Indus and Ganges rivers cover 2.20 million km2 and are inhabited by more than a billion people. The region is under extreme pressures of population and poverty, unregulated utilization of the resources and low levels of productivity. The needs are: (1) development policies that are regionally differentiated to ensure resource sustainability and high productivity; (2) immediate development and implementation of policies for sound groundwater management and energy use; (3) improvement of the fragile food security and to broaden its base; and (4) policy changes to address land fragmentation and improved infrastructure. Meeting these needs will help to improve productivity, reduce rural poverty and improve overall human development.
Original languageEnglish
JournalWater International
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • Indus-Ganges basins
  • water resources
  • water productivity
  • water poverty
  • water–energy nexus
  • potential interventions
  • water governance and policies

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