The life and work of gustav elfving

Kenneth Nordström

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


This article outlines the scientific work and life of the Finnish statistician, probabilist, and mathematician Gustav Elfving (1908-1984). Elfving’s academic career, scientific contacts, and personal life are sketched, and his main research contributions to the fields of statistics, probability, and mathematics are reviewed. (Elfving’s pioneering work in optimal design of experiments is not covered, as this topic will be treated elsewhere in this issue.) A chronological bibliography of Gustav Elfving is also given.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-196
Number of pages23
JournalStatistical Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1999


  • Bayesian statistics
  • Complex analysis
  • Decision theory
  • Expansion of distributions
  • Markov chains
  • Multivariate distribution theory
  • Nonparametric statistics
  • Optimal design of experiments
  • Optimal stopping
  • Order statistics
  • Quality control
  • Sufficiency and completeness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Mathematics(all)
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty

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