Хозяин Аблай-кита. Кто и зачем построил монастырь-крепость на Иртыше?

Translated title of the contribution: The Master of Ablai-kit. Who and Why built the fortified monastery on Irtysh?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

It is argued in the paper that up to 1680s the political culture in upper Irtysh area was based on the leadership of Khoshut clan. The leading role of the Khoshuts spread over not only military and political but also religious spheres. Ablai-taiji of the Khoshut house, the founder of the Buddhist monastery Ablai-Kit, did much for reinforcement of his positions among other Oirats. He inherited and pursued the policy of cooperation with Muscovy trying to gain profits from its trade with China. The accounts of early observers and recent findings and manuscripts allow us to claim that in the mid-17th c. the monastery might be the most significant Buddhist center of Irtysh area. In the course of 1670s, the Khoshut clan gradually declined. Under pressure of his brother Ablai lost his domains and was defeated by his enemies. The conclusions are made through application of the methods of critical analysis of diverse archival sources and existing historiography.
Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)45
Number of pages63
JournalВестник Евразийского национального университета им. Л. Н. Гумилева
Volume4
Issue number125
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019

Fingerprint

Buddhist
Clan
Monastery
Military
China
Manuscripts
Critical Analysis
Enemy
1680s
Historiography
Observer
Profit
Grand Duchy of Moscow
Reinforcement
1670s
Religion
Brothers
Political Culture

Keywords

  • Ablai-Kit
  • Oirats
  • Khoshuts
  • Buddhism
  • Ablai-taiji
  • monastery
  • history of Kazakhstan

Cite this

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title = "Хозяин Аблай-кита. Кто и зачем построил монастырь-крепость на Иртыше?",
abstract = "It is argued in the paper that up to 1680s the political culture in upper Irtysh area was based on the leadership of Khoshut clan. The leading role of the Khoshuts spread over not only military and political but also religious spheres. Ablai-taiji of the Khoshut house, the founder of the Buddhist monastery Ablai-Kit, did much for reinforcement of his positions among other Oirats. He inherited and pursued the policy of cooperation with Muscovy trying to gain profits from its trade with China. The accounts of early observers and recent findings and manuscripts allow us to claim that in the mid-17th c. the monastery might be the most significant Buddhist center of Irtysh area. In the course of 1670s, the Khoshut clan gradually declined. Under pressure of his brother Ablai lost his domains and was defeated by his enemies. The conclusions are made through application of the methods of critical analysis of diverse archival sources and existing historiography.",
keywords = "Ablai-Kit, Oirats, Khoshuts, Buddhism, Ablai-taiji, monastery, history of Kazakhstan",
author = "Nikolay Tsyrempilov ",
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N2 - It is argued in the paper that up to 1680s the political culture in upper Irtysh area was based on the leadership of Khoshut clan. The leading role of the Khoshuts spread over not only military and political but also religious spheres. Ablai-taiji of the Khoshut house, the founder of the Buddhist monastery Ablai-Kit, did much for reinforcement of his positions among other Oirats. He inherited and pursued the policy of cooperation with Muscovy trying to gain profits from its trade with China. The accounts of early observers and recent findings and manuscripts allow us to claim that in the mid-17th c. the monastery might be the most significant Buddhist center of Irtysh area. In the course of 1670s, the Khoshut clan gradually declined. Under pressure of his brother Ablai lost his domains and was defeated by his enemies. The conclusions are made through application of the methods of critical analysis of diverse archival sources and existing historiography.

AB - It is argued in the paper that up to 1680s the political culture in upper Irtysh area was based on the leadership of Khoshut clan. The leading role of the Khoshuts spread over not only military and political but also religious spheres. Ablai-taiji of the Khoshut house, the founder of the Buddhist monastery Ablai-Kit, did much for reinforcement of his positions among other Oirats. He inherited and pursued the policy of cooperation with Muscovy trying to gain profits from its trade with China. The accounts of early observers and recent findings and manuscripts allow us to claim that in the mid-17th c. the monastery might be the most significant Buddhist center of Irtysh area. In the course of 1670s, the Khoshut clan gradually declined. Under pressure of his brother Ablai lost his domains and was defeated by his enemies. The conclusions are made through application of the methods of critical analysis of diverse archival sources and existing historiography.

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KW - Oirats

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KW - Buddhism

KW - Ablai-taiji

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KW - history of Kazakhstan

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JO - Вестник Евразийского национального университета им. Л. Н. Гумилева

JF - Вестник Евразийского национального университета им. Л. Н. Гумилева

SN - 2616-7255

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