This article concerns the impact of the activity of Ibrahim Bek's bands on the population of Eastern Bukhara and the multifaceted Soviet reaction to it in the second half of the 1920s. Because the Soviet goal was not just the annihilation of the Basmachi, but a thorough reconquest of Eastern Bukhara, the Red Army was accompanied by civil authorities and 'irregular' troops, including former Basmachi bands fighting on the Soviet side, and village self-defence. Civil and joint civil-military commissions for struggle against the Basmachi offered an initial Soviet socialization for the local population. The mechanisms regulating amnesties and punishments served to disrupt local power networks, while internal and trans-border migrations were used not only to control the bands, but also to prepare agricultural transformations. The new Soviet power also had to compete with the authority exercised in the realm of food supply and famine relief.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geography, Planning and Development
- Earth-Surface Processes