The role of interfacial chemistry and interactions in the dynamics of thermosetting polyurethane-multiwalled carbon nanotube composites at low filler contents

Lyudmyla V. Karabanova, Raymond L D Whitby, Vladimir A. Bershtein, Alina V. Korobeinyk, Pavel N. Yakushev, Oksana M. Bondaruk, Andrew W. Lloyd, Sergey V. Mikhalovsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Acid-oxidized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were introduced into a polyurethane (PU) matrix at low filler levels (0.01-0.25 wt%) through either van der Waals or covalent interactions, and their glass transition dynamics using dynamic mechanical analysis and laser-interferometric creep rate spectroscopy was investigated. The nanocomposites reveal substantial impact on the PU glass transition dynamics, which depends on the nanotube content and type of interfacial interactions. The pronounced dynamic heterogeneity within the glass transition covering 200 C range and the displacement of main PU relaxation maxima from around 0 to 80-140 C were registered. The results are treated in the framework of chemical inhomogeneity, constrained dynamics effects, and different motional cooperativities. The peculiariaties of the glass transition dynamics in the composites are reflected in their dynamic and static mechanical properties, in particular a two- to threefold increase in modulus and tensile strength for the covalent interfacial interaction of MWCNTs with PU.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)573-583
Number of pages11
JournalColloid and Polymer Science
Volume291
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Dynamics
  • Interfacial interactions
  • Nanocomposites
  • Polyurethane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The role of interfacial chemistry and interactions in the dynamics of thermosetting polyurethane-multiwalled carbon nanotube composites at low filler contents'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this