Сангха в эпоху упадка. Реакции российских буддистов на Русскую революцию и Гражданскую войну

Translated title of the contribution: The sangha in the age of degradation. Responses of the Russian buddhists to the Russian revolution and civil war

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Buriat Buddhists who constituted the majority of the Buddhist population of the former Russian Empire did not stay away from the revolutionary events. The secular segment of the Buriat society viewed the collapse of the monarchy as the unfolding opportunity to get rid of the colonial legacy, including discrimination of their reli‑ gion. However, already in 1918 the deviation of the positions of cleri‑ cal and secular segments of the Buriat society became obvious. If the Buriat nationalists remained hostile to the idea of Restoration, the official Buddhist circles supported admiral Kolchak, whereas a part of rank‑and‑file lamas consolidated around the idea of Buddhist the‑ ocracy. After the Soviet regime firmly established in Trans‑Baikal area, a part of the Buddhist monks, the Buddhist renovationists un‑ der leadership of Agvan Dorzhiev, attempted to come to terms with the Bolsheviks. These attempts ended in the total defeat of the organ‑ ized Buddhist community by the late 1930s.

Translated title of the contributionThe sangha in the age of degradation. Responses of the Russian buddhists to the Russian revolution and civil war
Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)347-370
Number of pages24
JournalGosudarstvo, Religiia, Tserkov' v Rossii i za Rubezhom/State, Religion and Church in Russia and Worldwide
Volume37
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • 1917 Revolution
  • Agvan Dorzhiev
  • Buddhism
  • Buryats
  • Civil War
  • Renovationists
  • Russian Empire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Religious studies
  • Sociology and Political Science

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