The structural differences between the embryos of viable and nonviable wheat seeds as studied with the EPR spectroscopy of lipid-soluble spin labels

Elena A. Golovina, Alexander N. Tikhonov

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28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dried and hydrated embryos of wheat seeds (viable and nonviable, harvested in 1992 and 1976, respectively) were studied by the EPR method with the use of the spin-labeling technique. Spin label Tempone was used for testing the plasmalemma integrity. It has been demonstrated that the loss of seed viability correlates with the loss of external membrane integrity. Spin-labeled derivatives of stearic acids, 5-doxylstearate I(12.3) and 16-doxylstearate I(1.14), were used to monitor the changes in structural characteristics of embryo cell membranes. The EPR spectra of these spin labels represent the superpositions of at least two signals from the molecules located in domains characterized by different fluidity. The comparison of the EPR spectra from I(12.3) in embryo cells and model systems (total fraction of lipids and purified seed oil) indicates that the majority of spin label molecules is located in the lipid surroundings, while the minor portion of I(12.3) is localized in so-called lipid bodies which contain seed oil. The embryo cells of viable and nonviable seeds differ in the sizes of these 'solid' and 'fluid' intracellular domains. The environment of spin label molecules located in cell membranes of nonviable seeds is more rigid, as compared with that in the membranes of the viable cells. The study of dehydration-rehydration effects has demonstrated that the loss of water causes the restriction of spin label mobility in embryo cells from both kinds of seeds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-392
Number of pages8
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes
Volume1190
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 23 1994
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Spin Labels
Triticum
Paramagnetic resonance
Seed
Spectrum Analysis
Seeds
Embryonic Structures
Spectroscopy
Lipids
Oilseeds
Cell membranes
Molecules
Triacetoneamine-N-Oxyl
Cell Membrane
Stearic Acids
Membranes
Oils
Fluidity
Intracellular Fluid
Dehydration

Keywords

  • Embryo cell membrane
  • EPR
  • Hydration-dehydration effect
  • Seed viability
  • Spin label
  • Wheat seed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "The structural differences between the embryos of viable and nonviable wheat seeds as studied with the EPR spectroscopy of lipid-soluble spin labels",
abstract = "Dried and hydrated embryos of wheat seeds (viable and nonviable, harvested in 1992 and 1976, respectively) were studied by the EPR method with the use of the spin-labeling technique. Spin label Tempone was used for testing the plasmalemma integrity. It has been demonstrated that the loss of seed viability correlates with the loss of external membrane integrity. Spin-labeled derivatives of stearic acids, 5-doxylstearate I(12.3) and 16-doxylstearate I(1.14), were used to monitor the changes in structural characteristics of embryo cell membranes. The EPR spectra of these spin labels represent the superpositions of at least two signals from the molecules located in domains characterized by different fluidity. The comparison of the EPR spectra from I(12.3) in embryo cells and model systems (total fraction of lipids and purified seed oil) indicates that the majority of spin label molecules is located in the lipid surroundings, while the minor portion of I(12.3) is localized in so-called lipid bodies which contain seed oil. The embryo cells of viable and nonviable seeds differ in the sizes of these 'solid' and 'fluid' intracellular domains. The environment of spin label molecules located in cell membranes of nonviable seeds is more rigid, as compared with that in the membranes of the viable cells. The study of dehydration-rehydration effects has demonstrated that the loss of water causes the restriction of spin label mobility in embryo cells from both kinds of seeds.",
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T1 - The structural differences between the embryos of viable and nonviable wheat seeds as studied with the EPR spectroscopy of lipid-soluble spin labels

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N2 - Dried and hydrated embryos of wheat seeds (viable and nonviable, harvested in 1992 and 1976, respectively) were studied by the EPR method with the use of the spin-labeling technique. Spin label Tempone was used for testing the plasmalemma integrity. It has been demonstrated that the loss of seed viability correlates with the loss of external membrane integrity. Spin-labeled derivatives of stearic acids, 5-doxylstearate I(12.3) and 16-doxylstearate I(1.14), were used to monitor the changes in structural characteristics of embryo cell membranes. The EPR spectra of these spin labels represent the superpositions of at least two signals from the molecules located in domains characterized by different fluidity. The comparison of the EPR spectra from I(12.3) in embryo cells and model systems (total fraction of lipids and purified seed oil) indicates that the majority of spin label molecules is located in the lipid surroundings, while the minor portion of I(12.3) is localized in so-called lipid bodies which contain seed oil. The embryo cells of viable and nonviable seeds differ in the sizes of these 'solid' and 'fluid' intracellular domains. The environment of spin label molecules located in cell membranes of nonviable seeds is more rigid, as compared with that in the membranes of the viable cells. The study of dehydration-rehydration effects has demonstrated that the loss of water causes the restriction of spin label mobility in embryo cells from both kinds of seeds.

AB - Dried and hydrated embryos of wheat seeds (viable and nonviable, harvested in 1992 and 1976, respectively) were studied by the EPR method with the use of the spin-labeling technique. Spin label Tempone was used for testing the plasmalemma integrity. It has been demonstrated that the loss of seed viability correlates with the loss of external membrane integrity. Spin-labeled derivatives of stearic acids, 5-doxylstearate I(12.3) and 16-doxylstearate I(1.14), were used to monitor the changes in structural characteristics of embryo cell membranes. The EPR spectra of these spin labels represent the superpositions of at least two signals from the molecules located in domains characterized by different fluidity. The comparison of the EPR spectra from I(12.3) in embryo cells and model systems (total fraction of lipids and purified seed oil) indicates that the majority of spin label molecules is located in the lipid surroundings, while the minor portion of I(12.3) is localized in so-called lipid bodies which contain seed oil. The embryo cells of viable and nonviable seeds differ in the sizes of these 'solid' and 'fluid' intracellular domains. The environment of spin label molecules located in cell membranes of nonviable seeds is more rigid, as compared with that in the membranes of the viable cells. The study of dehydration-rehydration effects has demonstrated that the loss of water causes the restriction of spin label mobility in embryo cells from both kinds of seeds.

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