Over the past century Turkmenistan developed a modern system of higher education that grew from a single university under Moscow’s direction to twenty-four institutions today. Under Presidents Niyazov and Berdymuhammedov educational infrastructure has developed dramatically. Despite this growth, the system of higher education is suffering from a lack of faculty -- universities meet the needs of less than ten percent of high-school graduates. Additionally, curricula continue to reflect a strong and pervasive state ideology. Overall, the state—the only purveyor of higher education in Turkmenistan—is not meeting societal needs. This article explores the history of education policy in post-Soviet Turkmenistan, focusing on the reforms initiated by that country’s first two presidents.
|Title of host publication||The 25 Years of Transformation in Post-Soviet Countries: Reforms and Continuity|
|Publisher||Palgrave Macmillan Ltd.|
|Number of pages||18|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|
- higher education
- Post-Soviet education