The Transformation of Higher Education in Turkmenistan: Continuity and |Change

Zumrad Kataeva, Victoria Clement

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Over the past century Turkmenistan developed a modern system of higher education that grew from a single university under Moscow’s direction to twenty-four institutions today. Under Presidents Niyazov and Berdymuhammedov educational infrastructure has developed dramatically. Despite this growth, the system of higher education is suffering from a lack of faculty -- universities meet the needs of less than ten percent of high-school graduates. Additionally, curricula continue to reflect a strong and pervasive state ideology. Overall, the state—the only purveyor of higher education in Turkmenistan—is not meeting societal needs. This article explores the history of education policy in post-Soviet Turkmenistan, focusing on the reforms initiated by that country’s first two presidents.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe 25 Years of Transformation in Post-Soviet Countries: Reforms and Continuity
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan Ltd.
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic) 978-3-319-52980-6
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-52979-0
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • higher education
  • Post-Soviet education
  • Turkmenistan

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