Threat and imposition of economic sanctions 1945–2005: Updating the TIES dataset

T. Clifton Morgan, Navin Bapat, Yoshiharu Kobayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

97 Citations (Scopus)


Recent research on economic sanctions has produced significant advances in our theoretical and empirical understanding of the causes and effects of these phenomena. Our theoretical understanding, which has been guided by empirical findings, has reached the point where existing datasets are no longer adequate to test important hypotheses. This article presents a recently updated version of the Threat and Imposition of Economic Sanctions dataset. This version of the data extends the temporal domain, corrects errors, updates cases that were ongoing as of the last release, and includes a few additional variables. We describe the dataset, paying special attention to the key differences in the new version, and we present descriptive statistics for some of the key variables, highlighting differences across versions. Since the major change in the dataset was to more than double the time period covered, we also present some simple statistics showing trends in sanctions use over time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)541-558
Number of pages18
JournalConflict Management and Peace Science
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Nov 8 2014


  • Dataset
  • economic coercion
  • economic sanctions
  • threats

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Political Science and International Relations

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