Three-dimensionally hierarchical graphene based aerogel encapsulated sulfur as cathode for lithium/sulfur batteries

Haipeng Li, Liancheng Sun, Zhuo Wang, Yongguang Zhang, Taizhe Tan, Gongkai Wang, Zhumabay Bakenov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A simple and effective method was developed to obtain the electrode for lithium/sulfur (Li/S) batteries with high specific capacity and cycling durability via adopting an interconnected sulfur/activated carbon/graphene (reduced graphene oxide) aerogel (S/AC/GA) cathode architecture. The AC/GA composite with a well-defined interconnected conductive network was prepared by a reduction-induced self-assembly process, which allows for obtaining compact and porous structures. During this process, reduced graphene oxide (RGO) was formed, and due to the presence of oxygen-containing functional groups on its surface, it not only improves the electronic conductivity of the cathode but also effectively inhibits the polysulfides dissolution and shuttle. The introduced activated carbon allowed for lateral and vertical connection between individual graphene sheets, completing the formation of a stable three-dimensionally (3D) interconnected graphene framework. Moreover, a high specific surface area and 3D interconnected porous structure efficiently hosts a higher amount of active sulfur material, about 65 wt %. The designed S/AC/GA composite electrodes deliver an initial capacity of 1159 mAh g–1 at 0.1 C and can retain a capacity of 765 mAh g–1 after 100 cycles in potential range from 1 V to 3 V.

Original languageEnglish
Article number69
JournalNanomaterials
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2018

Keywords

  • Cathode
  • Electrochemical performance
  • Lithium/sulfur battery
  • Reduced graphene oxide
  • Sulfur/activated carbon/graphene aerogel composite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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