Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous ZnO Framework as Dual-Functional Sulfur Host for High-Efficiency Lithium-Sulfur Batteries

Haisheng Han, Tong Wang, Yongguang Zhang, Arailym Nurpeissova, Zhumabay Bakenov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A three-dimensionally ordered macroporous ZnO (3DOM ZnO) framework was synthesized by a template method to serve as a sulfur host for lithium-sulfur batteries. The unique 3DOM structure along with an increased active surface area promotes faster and better electrolyte penetration accelerating ion/mass transfer. Moreover, ZnO as a polar metal oxide has a strong adsorption capacity for polysulfides, which makes the 3DOM ZnO framework an ideal immobilization agent and catalyst to inhibit the polysulfides shuttle effect and promote the redox reactions kinetics. As a result of the stated advantages, the S/3DOM ZnO composite delivered a high initial capacity of 1110 mAh g-1 and maintained a capacity of 991 mAh g-1 after 100 cycles at 0.2 C as a cathode in a lithium-sulfur battery. Even at a high C-rate of 3 C, the S/3DOM ZnO composite still provided a high capacity of 651 mAh g-1, as well as a high areal capacity (4.47 mAh cm-2) under high loading (5 mg cm-2).

Original languageEnglish
JournalNanomaterials
Volume10
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 16 2020

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous ZnO Framework as Dual-Functional Sulfur Host for High-Efficiency Lithium-Sulfur Batteries'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this