Transition from mesenchymal to bleb-based motility is predominantly exhibited by CD133-positive subpopulation of fibrosarcoma cells

Aleksandra S. Chikina, Svetlana N. Rubtsova, Maria E. Lomakina, Daria M. Potashnikova, Ivan Vorobyev, Antonina Y. Alexandrova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Information: Metastatic disease is caused by the ability of cancer cells to reach distant organs and form secondary lesions at new locations. Dissemination of cancer cells depends on their migration plasticity – an ability to switch between motility modes driven by distinct molecular machineries. One of such switches is mesenchymal-to-amoeboid transition. Although mesenchymal migration of individual cells requires Arp2/3-dependent actin polymerisation, amoeboid migration is characterised by a high level of actomyosin contractility and often involves the formation of membrane blebs. The acquisition of amoeboid motility by mesenchymal cells is often associated with enhanced metastasis. Results: We studied the ability of mesenchymal HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells to switch to amoeboid motility. We induced the transition from lamellipodium-rich to blebbing phenotype either by down-regulating the Arp2/3 complex, pharmacologically or by RNAi, or by decreasing substrate adhesiveness. Each of these treatments induced blebbing in a subset of fibrosarcoma cells, but not in normal subcutaneous fibroblasts. A significant fraction of HT1080 cells that switched to blebbing behaviour exhibited stem cell-like features, such as expression of the stem cell marker CD133, an increased efflux of Hoechst-33342 and positive staining for Oct4, Sox2 and Nanog. Furthermore, the isolated CD133+ cells demonstrated an increased ability to switch to bleb-rich amoeboid phenotype both under inhibitor's treatment and in 3D collagen gels. Conclusions: Together, our data show a significant correlation between the increased ability of cells to switch between migration modes and their stem-like features, suggesting that migration plasticity is an additional property of stem-like population of fibrosarcoma cells. This combination of features could facilitate both dissemination of these cells to distant locations, and their establishment self-renewal in a new microenvironment, as required for metastasis formation. Significance: These data suggest that migration plasticity is a new feature of cancer stem-like cells that can significantly facilitate their dissemination to a secondary location by allowing them to adapt quickly to challenging microenvironments. Moreover, it complements their resistance to apoptosis and self-renewal potential, thus enabling them not only to disseminate efficiently, but also to survive and colonise new niches.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBiology of the Cell
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • actin cytoskeleton
  • Arp2/3 complex
  • blebs
  • cell motility
  • lamellipodia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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