Ultraviolet B-Induced Maturation of CD11b-Type Langerin(-) Dendritic Cells Controls the Expansion of Foxp3(+) Regulatory T Cells in the Skin

Sayuri Yamazaki, Mizuyu Odanaka, Akiko Nishioka, Saori Kasuya, Hiroaki Shime, Hiroaki Hemmi, Masaki Imai, Dieter Riethmacher, Tsuneyasu Kaisho, Naganari Ohkura, Shimon Sakaguchi, Akimichi Morita

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Skin dendritic cells (DCs) are divided into several subsets with distinctive functions. This study shows a previously unappreciated role of dermal CD11b-type Langerin(-) DCs in maintaining immunological self-tolerance after UVB exposure. After UVB exposure, dermal CD11b-type Langerin(-) DCs upregulated surface CD86 expression, induced proliferation of Foxp3(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells without exogenous Ags, and upregulated a set of genes associated with immunological tolerance. This Treg-expansion activity was significantly hampered by CD80/CD86 blockade in vivo. These results indicate that CD11b-type Langerin(-) DCs from the UVB-exposed skin are specialized to expand Treg cells in the skin, which suppress autoimmunity.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Immunology
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Nov 20 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Journal Article

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    Yamazaki, S., Odanaka, M., Nishioka, A., Kasuya, S., Shime, H., Hemmi, H., Imai, M., Riethmacher, D., Kaisho, T., Ohkura, N., Sakaguchi, S., & Morita, A. (2017). Ultraviolet B-Induced Maturation of CD11b-Type Langerin(-) Dendritic Cells Controls the Expansion of Foxp3(+) Regulatory T Cells in the Skin. Journal of Immunology. https://doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.1701056