Underground water resources in Kazakhstan

J. Sagin, D. Adenova, A. Tolepbayeva, V. Poryadin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The assessment of natural resources and the ecological demand for underground water in Kazakhstan is based on a water-balance equation which considers underground lateral flow, hydrogeoecological regions and river basins. We propose a methodology to estimate the underground water resource for this region. The flow of water in all the rivers of Kazakhstan is estimated at 102.3 km3/year, of which 57.6 km3/year originates in the territory of the country, and 44.7 km3/year in the adjacent countries. With potential increase of the underground water usage up to 15.5 km3/year, the surface water volume could be decreased to 5 km3/year. Optimization of water resource use should be based on the introduction of the water-efficient process of reinjecting and recycling the water supply in all branches of industry, and a reduction in losses during distribution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)386-398
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Studies
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 4 2017


  • Ecosystems
  • resources
  • underground water
  • water balance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Ecology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Computers in Earth Sciences


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