Urinary Protein Profiling for Potential Biomarkers of Chronic Kidney Disease: A Pilot Study

Abduzhappar Gaipov, Zhalaliddin Makhammajanov, Zhanna Dauyey, Zhannur Markhametova, Kamilla Mussina, Assem Nogaibayeva, Larissa Kozina, Dana Auganova, Pavel Tarlykov, Rostislav Bukasov, Zhandos Utegulov, Duman Turebekov, Maria Jose Soler, Alberto Ortiz, Mehmet Kanbay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Proteinuria is a risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression and associated complications. However, there is insufficient information on individual protein components in urine and the severity of CKD. We aimed to investigate urinary proteomics and its association with proteinuria and kidney function in early-stage CKD and in healthy individuals. A 24 h urine sample of 42 individuals (21-CKD and 21-healthy individuals) was used for mass spectrometry-based proteomics analysis. An exponentially modified protein abundance index (emPAI) was calculated for each protein. Data were analyzed by Mascot software using the SwissProt database and bioinformatics tools. Overall, 298 unique proteins were identified in the cohort; of them, 250 proteins belong to the control group with median (IQR) emPAI 39.1 (19–53) and 142 proteins belong to the CKD group with median (IQR) emPAI 67.8 (49–117). The level of 24 h proteinuria positively correlated with emPAI (r = 0.390, p = 0.011). The emPAI of some urinary proteomics had close positive (ALBU, ZA2G, IGKC) and negative (OSTP, CD59, UROM, KNG1, RNAS1, CD44, AMBP) correlations (r < 0.419, p < 0.001) with 24 h proteinuria levels. Additionally, a few proteins (VTDB, AACT, A1AG2, VTNC, and CD44) significantly correlated with kidney function. In this proteomics study, several urinary proteins correlated with proteinuria and kidney function. Pathway analysis identified subpathways potentially related to early proteinuric CKD, allowing the design of prospective studies that explore their response to therapy and their relationship to long-term outcomes.
Original languageEnglish
JournalDiagnostics
Volume12
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

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