Utilization of Rice Husk Ash as viscosity modifying agent in Self Compacting Concrete

Shazim Ali Memon, Muhammad Ali Shaikh, Hassan Akbar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Citations (Scopus)


Self Compacting Concrete (SCC) is defined by two primary properties: Deformability and Segregation resistance. Deformability or flowability is the ability of SCC to flow or deform under its own weight (with or without obstructions). Segregation resistance or stability is the ability to remain homogeneous while doing so. High range water reducing admixtures are utilized to develop sufficient deformability. At the same time, segregation resistance is ensured, which is accomplished either by introducing a chemical viscosity modifying admixture (VMA) or by increasing the amount of fines in the concrete. These viscosity modifying admixtures are very expensive and the main cause of increase in the cost of SCC. Therefore, for producing low cost SCC, it is prudent to look at the alternates to help reducing the SSC cost. This research is aimed at evaluating the usage of Rice Husk Ash (RHA) as viscosity modifying agent in SCC, and to study the relative costs of the materials used in SCC. In this research, the main variables are the proportion of RHA, dosage of superplasticizer for flowability and water/binder ratio. The parameters kept constant are the amount of cement, water, fine and coarse aggregate contents. Test results substantiate the feasibility to develop low cost SCC using RHA. In the fresh state of concrete, the different mixes of concrete have slump flow in the range of 595-795 mm, L-box ratio ranging from 0 (stucked) to 1 and flow time ranging from 2.2 to 29.3 s. Out of nine mixes, four mixes were found to satisfy the requirements suggested by European federation of national trade associations representing producers and applicators of specialist building products (EFNARC) guide for making SCC. The compressive strengths developed by the SCC mixes with RHA were comparable to the control concrete. Cost analysis showed that the cost of ingredients of specific SCC mix is 42.47% less than that of control concrete.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1044-1048
Number of pages5
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2011


  • Compressive strength
  • Flowability
  • Rice Husk Ash
  • Rice husk
  • Segregation resistance
  • Self Compacting Concrete

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

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