Wavelet-Based Demodulation of Multimode Etched Fiber Bragg Grating Refractive Index Sensor

Takhmina Ayupova, Marzhan Sypabekova, Carlo Molardi, Aliya Bekmurzayeva, Madina Shaimerdenova, Kanat Dukenbayev, Daniele Tosi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Etched fiber Bragg grating (EFBG)-based sensors are used as evanescent field sensors for refractive index detection. When the fiber thickness is thin and the refractive index sensitivity increases, the number of propagating modes increases, resulting in a spectral enlargement that complicates the interrogation of the sensor. In this work, we present a method to analyze the spectrum of a multimode etched fiber Bragg grating (MMEFBG) in the wavelet domain, which analyzes the amount of spectral density independently from the peak reflectivity value. The proposed interrogation method permits defining the integral of the spectral density as a novel and unconventional estimator. With respect to the conventional estimators based on wavelength shift, this estimator can better exploit the larger amount of information given by the spectral enlargement typical of multimode behavior. Results were obtained by etching an MMEFBG in hydrofluoric acid and using water/sucrose mixtures to evaluate the refractive index sensitivity, validating the interrogation method.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSensors (Basel, Switzerland)
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 22 2018

Fingerprint

Refractometry
Multimode fibers
demodulation
Fiber Bragg gratings
Demodulation
Bragg gratings
Refractive index
interrogation
Spectral density
estimators
refractivity
fibers
sensors
Sensors
Hydrofluoric Acid
Evanescent fields
Hydrofluoric acid
Sugar (sucrose)
Sucrose
sucrose

Keywords

  • Evanescent field sensors
  • fiber Bragg grating (FBG)
  • optical fiber sensor (OFS)
  • refractive index sensors
  • wavelet density estimation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biochemistry
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Wavelet-Based Demodulation of Multimode Etched Fiber Bragg Grating Refractive Index Sensor. / Ayupova, Takhmina; Sypabekova, Marzhan; Molardi, Carlo; Bekmurzayeva, Aliya; Shaimerdenova, Madina; Dukenbayev, Kanat; Tosi, Daniele.

In: Sensors (Basel, Switzerland), Vol. 19, No. 1, 22.12.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Bekmurzayeva, Aliya

AU - Shaimerdenova, Madina

AU - Dukenbayev, Kanat

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