Welfare Improvisation from the Receiving Waters of Urban Wastewater Systems in the Context of the Water Framework Directive

Stefanos Xenarios, Kostas Bithas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The compliance of wastewater authorities with the Water Framework Directive (WFD, 2000/60/EC) although may highly contribute to a “good” ecological status in aquatic ecosystems, is alleged to require disproportionally high costs in relevance to the anticipated benefits. This is mainly due to the limited yet research in the assessment of the economic welfare derived by the compliance with the WFD. In this light, the direct and indirect economic benefits emerged by the attaining of WFD are investigated. The wastewater treatment plant of Athens (Greece) is demonstrated as a comprehensive pilot case.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)981-1000
JournalWater Resources Management
Volume23
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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compliance
Wastewater
welfare economics
Aquatic ecosystems
Economics
Wastewater treatment
aquatic ecosystem
Water
wastewater
water
economics
cost
Costs
directive
urban wastewater
Compliance
wastewater treatment plant

Keywords

  • Water Framework Directive
  • Environmental benefits
  • Economic Valuation
  • Welfare

Cite this

Welfare Improvisation from the Receiving Waters of Urban Wastewater Systems in the Context of the Water Framework Directive. / Xenarios, Stefanos; Bithas, Kostas.

In: Water Resources Management, Vol. 23, No. 5, 2009, p. 981-1000.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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